Rx Android is a concept used in android app development to give app better performance.
Reactive Extension is a library that follows Reactive Programming principles to compose asynchronous and event-based programs by using the observable sequence.
Rx stands for Reactive programming, In android, it can achieve by using Rx Java and kotlin.
RxAndroid is specific to the Android platform which utilizes some classes on top of the RxJava library.
When to use Rx Android
- There are many situations where we can use Rx Android but choose wisely
2. Rx android can be used when you want to listen to some stream.
3. The continuous data source you want to get data from.
4. Data inside data kind of API
5. You want to perform some operation or modification on data before using it.
Rx android has mainly 4 Components
- Observable: Emits a stream of data or events. i.e. a class that can be used to perform some action, and publish the result.
- Observer: Receivers the events or data and acts upon it. i.e. a class that waits and watches the Observable and reacts whenever the Observable publishes results.
- Subscriber: It is an adapter between both the above component, In order to get data Observer to need to subscribe Observables.
- Schedulers: One of the purposes of the Schedulers to decide which thread to use for what purpose.
Once Observer successfully subscribes to Observables it will get a callback in the following methods.
- onSubscribe(): This method is invoked when the Observer is subscribed to the Observable. (Get call only one time)
- onNext(): This method is called when a new item is emitted from the Observable. (Get called whenever data is emitted)
- onError(): This method is called when an error occurs and the emission of data is not successfully completed. (Get call only one time)
- onComplete(): This method is called when the Observable has successfully completed emitting all items. (Get call only one time)
If any Observer has subscribed to Observable it will start emitting data.
Types of Observables
Disposable and CompositeDisposable
Disposable(Represents a disposable resource.) is an interface which is responsible for Free up the subscription or we can say which is responsible for de-link the listeners from listing the events
Let me elaborate on this Suppose I am listening something on one screen and at some point, I go to another screen so does it make sense to listen data in the previous screen obviously no so we need to dispose of the listeners or in simple word we need to unsubscribe our listeners from listening,So that unused resource can be garbage collected and we can avoid memory leak.
Disposable is having 2 methods
void dispose(); Used to dispose the subscriptionboolean isDisposed(); Check the status
CompositeDisposable is a class that implements Disposable.
A disposable container that can hold onto multiple other disposables and offers O(1) add and removal complexity.
Observable uses some operators for emitting data so that we can modify data according to our needs. for that, we are already having some built-in Operators
Some important Operators in Rx Android
This operator creates an Observable from scratch by calling observer methods programmatically. An emitter is provided through which we can call the respective interface methods when needed.
create() the method does not have an option to pass values. So we have to create the list beforehand and perform operations on the list inside the
This operator does not create the Observable until the Observer subscribes. The only downside to
defer() is that it creates a new Observable each time you get a new Observer.
create() can use the same function for each subscriber, so it’s more efficient.
This operator creates an Observable that emits a sequence of integers spaced by a particular time interval.
This operator takes a list of arguments (maximum 10) and converts the items into Observable items.
just() makes only 1 emission. For instance, If an array is passed as a parameter to the
just() method, the array is emitted as a single item instead of individual numbers. Note that if you pass
just(), it will return an Observable that emits
null as an item.
This operator creates an Observable from a set of items using an Iterable, which means we can pass a list or an array of items to the Observable and each item is emitted one at a time.
Observable.just() — For the same input
Observable.just() emits only once whereas
Observable.from()emits n times.
This operator creates an Observable that emits a range of sequential integers. The function takes two arguments: the starting number and length.
This operator creates an Observable that emits a particular item or sequence of items repeatedly. There is an option to pass the number of repetitions that can take place as well.
This operator creates an Observable that emits one particular item after a span of time that you specify.
timer() emits just a single item after a delay whereas
interval() operator, on the other hand, will emit items spaced out with a given interval.
If you want to modify data emitted so you can use the following Operators
This operator periodically gathers items from an Observable into bundles and emits these bundles rather than emitting the items one at a time.
Observable.just(“A”, “B”, “C”, “D”, “E”, “F”) .buffer(2)
Will emit data in pair of 2.
This operator transforms the items emitted by an Observable by applying a function to each item.
map() the operator allows for us to modify the emitted item from the Observable and then emits the modified item.
Map operator can be used when we fetch items from the server and need to modify it before emitting to the UI.
This operator transforms each item emitted by an Observable but instead of returning the modified item, it returns the Observable itself which can emit data again. In other words, they merge items emitted by multiple Observables and returns a single Observable. The important difference between FlatMap and other transformation operators is that the order in which the items are emitted is not maintained.
FlatMap operator can be used when we know that the order of the items are not important.
Whenever a new item is emitted by the Observable, it will unsubscribe to the Observable that was generated from the previously emitted item and begin only mirroring the current one. In other words, it returns the latest Observable and emits the items from it.
SwitchMap is best suited for scenarios such as a feed page when pull to refresh is enabled. When the user refreshes the screen, the older feed response is ignored and only the latest request results are emitted to the UI when using a SwitchMap.
This operator functions the same way as
flatMap(), the difference being in
concatMap() the order in which items are emitted is maintained. One disadvantage of
concatMap() is that it waits for each observable to finish all the work until the next one is processed.
It's good to use Rx Android in your projects but be sure about requirements and choose wisely Operators.
Because bad use of RX can lead you to end up with memory leak.